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bieramar

Article I, Sections 9 and 10, Constitution

Section. 9.

The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.¹

No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.

No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

Section. 10.

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.

No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.
--- end Constititution sections, as originally ratified ---

¹The italicized portion of Article I, section 9 of the Constitution (above) was modified by amendment, as follows:
---
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
---
AMENDMENT XVI passed by Congress July 2, 1909 and ratified February 3, 1913.
bieramar

Again the attention to economic matters is noteworthy as 9 of the 11 clauses in Sections 9 & 10 address individual, state and federal finances and distribution of wealth.  Actually 10 of the 11 clauses when you consider that the Habeas Corpus clause was in direct response to the "debtor prisons" which formerly existed.

To read the debates and comments as the compromises were made on these two sections, see:
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/debcont.asp

The last clause, as were several in Article I Section 8 in another thread, addresses the federal v. state prescriptions and proscriptions in regard to armed conflicts and wars. I'm going to address those debates in the Federalist Papers' thread, as Federalist 2 thru 5 (John Jay) argues those issues.

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